Congatulations to Andrea Stinga, Federico Gonzalez
For that reason Richard signed the image of his own building which appear in the video.
Cities of administration,
Cities of diverse function.
On board the S.S. Patris 3 boards were presented amongst the national parties, showing a total of thirty four cities. the presentations were separated into the seven boards above, each focusing on a specific aspect of a city.
CIAM 4 took the parties to the shores of Athens, each party explored the island itself and the surrounding areas, weather it was the vernacular architecture or the historic sites.
during CIAM 4 the laws/guidelines of the Athens charter started to take shape, the guidelines were under the titles: living, working, recreation and circulation.
in the first instance the link between CIAM 4 and the Athens charter is the focus on functionality, of course. when read deeper the emphasis on living in particular low cost living is a key part of the charter.
verdant areas, recreating places of slum into a space that can be used by the public, such as a play area or a youth club. the space offers new dynamics to the city, yet its not an area that solves the traffic or congestion in the lower parts of the city. “34. Land that could be used for week-end leisure is often very difficult of access.” -abstract athens charter. 1933. the motive was to make the space better to ameliorate the area, bringing the slums of the city down and creating a space for the public. a well defined space.
Siedlung am Weissenhof, the housing estate built for exhibition was the biggest outcome of CIAM 4, it stood as the foundation of modern architecture, specifically housing.
1933 participants in the fourth CIAM conference travelled from Marseilles to Athens on the S.S. Patris.
“It is the Acropolis that made a rebel of me. One clear image will stand in my mind forever: the Parthenon. Stark, stripped, economical, violent; a clamorous outcry against a landscape of grace and terror. All strength and purity.”
Le Corbusier, Fourth meeting of the CIAM, 1933
To this day i believe the Charter influences the way in which our cities are designed or just developed upon.
the uniformed approach is a significant trend that has been liberated from the past and stands true in most of our cities today. the functional city is just that, a well designed, flowing piece of machinery that functions for us that needs us to function in return.
Utopia. An impossible dream
In the eyes of Sir Thomas More, Utopia is a name of a fictional island in the Atlantic which is seen as a perfect society; politicly, socially and legally. the idea is that the island is separate from mainland, distant from all existing civilisation. Although More did not believe this theory was possible.
Despite More not believing this being possible, as written about in previous blog tasks, modernist architects and town planners have based their designs on the theory of a perfect city… for example Le Corbusier’s Utopian dream. his city is perfect, it functions without delay or fault, everything seems floorless. Corbs schemes were an attempt to improve on the conventional city.
Ville Radieuse, Le Corbusier’s ideal city. 1933.
Utopia, the word connotes a fantasy, a fiction, in my opinion its something in the distant future. one architectural influence i am interested in is Archigram, the style is portrayed through drawing, the unrealised series of graphic drawings are a representation of a utopia. for example the walking city. this series of drawings describe a self sufficient space like robotic structure standing over the existing city, almost like the structure is walking away from the past taking away with it all it needs to start a new civilisation.
A project that like Archigram that basis its self on dislocation, transport and destitute is that of the LILYPAD A Floating City for Climate Change Refugees. just like the walking city, the Lilypad distances its self from existing civilisation. this dislocation enables the project to be completely self sufficient and reliable, creating a new response to the worlds changing climate.
as a precedent of the modern day utopia, structurally an oil rig resembles the self dependants of a city, its function maybe different and in the eyes of More it is not an ideal society. yet its stands alone, away from the flaws of the modern city.
This image shows how the small Utopia’s sit in the vast ocean, it may not be what More described, but it is my idea of Utopia.
Consumption and the city. iconic buildings, how do they play a major role in city branding? 27/02/13
"When shopping was still connected to the street it was also an intensification and articulation of the street. Now it has become utterly independent - contained, controlled, surveyed." Koolhaas.
A persons identity is formed by the way he interacts with consumerism, it forms the foundation of why a city works the way it does. How and why is the world all about shopping?
in the first instance people distinguish themselves from one another through their consumption patterns- food, wine, culture etc. Bocock describes consumption as a threat. Identity is formed by by the relationship with the world.
conversely, Mc Cracken says “individuals are free to construct
themselves” his view is that we need to be part of consumerism.
in terms of architecture, a building is often a statement of economic growth. A prime example of this is the CCTV Headquarters in Beijing by Rem Koolhaas’s office OMA. This 5.1 million-square-foot structure is a prominent milestone in China’s economic growth story. the structure, although designed by OMA (a european based office) represents a massive step forward in modern chinese civilisation.
the building was intended to be completed for the Beijing Olympics, four years later it opened to the public and the employees of CCTV. In terms of branding a city, the Olympics creates a statement like no other, it provides worldwide coverage of the countries stature and wealth.
A proud nation, the city welcomes the structure and what it represents.
For many years, OMA’s radical design alienated the local architectural establishment, which complained that OMA and other foreign firms use China as a laboratory for alien experiments. the building demonstrates a degree of city branding, yet the key part of the buildings function is to show off the modern age of engineering, its structure. in turn this provides an image for china, an image that exemplifies the power and growth of the city of Beijing and China.
“In a city with a strong and permanent identity, it introduces a degree of uncertainty,” says Koolhaas.
WORK Week 7 20/02/13
Time is the variable that constructs our society, the way in which we live and specifically the way we work. a time sequence in relation to a work process to create efficiency is an ever more programatic organisation.
Bespoke products that require hands on skilled labour and the trained experienced labour that will form the product require order that equates to efficiency. for example a boat builder.
The labourer will work to a deadline, their requirements of production plus the time in which it takes to bring to market will intensify.
in terms of an industry the order of labour equals profit. therefore through consumerism the need for a product intensifies, meaning the product will loose quality.
Tony Garnier’s “Une Cite Industrielle” is based on the princible of creating a “utopia” around the function of a trade, with the infrastructure surrounding it.
organization in the way one orders the infrastructure of the city. equitable accessibility to all aspects of the city. everyone has the opportunity to be apart of the development.
(city) order=efficiency=better life.
Play. The advert of leisure.
From Times square to the city of Dubai, each is determined by its architecture. materialistically the landscape is a representation of the areas function and wealth, for example Dubai is a city known for its extreme wealth, yet not so much its power.
However, in the beginning architecture was never an expression of ones creativity. the architecture was based on the countries needs at the time, for example industries yet not so much focusing on the social spaces such as parks.The Swiss have the largest banks and best education systems, the Chinese have the most developed and diverse economy in the world.
over the past fifty years creativity in architecture is being expressed, styles of architecture have become more prominent and fruitful.
Consumerism in a city is rapidly increasing, all cities have their boulevards and high end shopping areas…
The recent riots in London and other big cities were the product of an “out-of-control consumerist ethos” (city Broker, London)
the city in my opinion is split into areas of, consumerism (shops, high end boutiques) tourism ( areas of historical interest) and other business related areas.
yet wherever you look there is an advert that effortlessly entices you into buying the latest product. the city is the hub of advertisement and consumerism.
“The government, too, needs to consume less, and invest more. Government spending has increased by more than 50% in real terms over the last decade, but public investment has languished. Saving needs to be encouraged, and private investment needs to be channelled into asset creation, not asset inflation.”
Lead Flow - Alexander Liew
Alexander Liew model alone is what really drew us to checking out this project. The model is…
Consider Charles Baudelaire’s definition of modernity in ‘The Painter of Modern Life’ 23/01/13
“By modernity I mean the ephemeral, the fugitive, the contingent, the half of art whose other half is the eternal and the immutable”(Baudelaire 1964, 13) Baudelaire’s work exemplified the non obvious in Parisian society during the 1860’s, the way the public negotiated space and their own built environment. Baudelaire had a profound impact on the modern era, especially Art. just as photography challenged the place of the painter and the painting Baudelaire made sure that art captured the experience of life in an urban metropolis. furthermore, today we see the social atmosphere of our cities as a far more accessible resource to our education in relation to urbanism. William H. Whyte’s “Social Life of Small Urban Spaces” describes the intimate negotiation of small urban spaces by the public, the video exemplifies the social movements of society in a witty way. many observations by the urbanist are un obvious, yet many we take for granted
The way in which Baudelaire describes the momentary or the passing within society links to how Whyte observes the lunch hour outside an office block, its a time orientated investigation, people tend to sit where there are places to sit. The immutable or unchangeable essence of urban life is also present in my own experience of the contemporary city. The greatness and power of a city is apathetic.There are moments of existence when time and space are more profound, and the awareness of existence is immensely heightened.
The city becomes an equivalent to state, one large unit. yet who commands the organisation?
Using the city of Vancouver as an example, I wanted to explore how a city is organised. Who is in charge? How does the organisation of a city run smoothly?
I placed myself in the shoes of the community for a better understanding of how the City of Vancouver’s organizational structure supports the community.
the first port of call for the community is the Mayor and City council, including the city councillors.
directly linked is the office of the city manager, their role being to carry out council policies primarily, although subcategorised the policies are for example:
(helps you prepare for emergencies)
Equal employment opportunity
External relations and protocol.
(Schedules a visit for your delegation)
(leads to the greenest city 2020 action plan)
The list continues, followed by community services, corporate communications and fire and rescue services. found near the bottom of the list is the planning and development services which Plans for the City’s growth with communities and developers.
the system seemed viable and secure, Vancouver appears to have a logical organisation as i’m sure most cities have. although, one large observation was that the figure head of the city was the community, the people of the city are the primary concern.
Is the organisation of a city based on our houses?
Urban planning/design is a technical and political process concerned with the control of the use of land and design of the urban environment, including transportation networks, to guide and ensure the orderly development of settlements and communities. It concerns itself with research and analysis, strategic thinking, architecture, urban design, public consultation, policy recommendations, implementation and management. Yet do the planners draw inspiration from forms closer to heart, our homes? The areas in which we eat and sleep conduct our every move. how do we flow from bedroom to bathroom with ease? the way we as pedestrians walk from building to building, street to street. Our dwellings are the catalyst of daily life, so as designers considering these fundamental principles of infrastructure must be important.